Balanced nutrition for teenagers with endocrine disorders

Balanced nutrition for teenagers with endocrine disorders

Adolescence is a critical period in the development of the body, characterised by significant physiological and hormonal changes. For teenagers with endocrine disorders, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), balanced nutrition plays an especially important role.

Features of balanced nutrition

Balanced nutrition provides the body with the necessary nutrients that promote normal growth and development. For teenagers with endocrine disorders, it is important to pay attention to the following aspects of nutrition:

  1. Regular meals: Teenagers should eat 5-6 times a day in small portions. This helps to maintain stable blood glucose levels and prevent sharp insulin spikes.
  2. Proteins: They are the main building blocks for the body. Focus on lean sources of protein, such as chicken, turkey, fish, legumes, and dairy products.
  3. Fats: It is important to choose healthy fats found in avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil. Avoid trans fats and saturated fats found in fast food and processed foods.
  4. Carbohydrates: Choose complex carbohydrates with a low glycaemic index, such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits. They provide long-lasting energy release.
  5. Vitamins and minerals: It is important to get enough vitamins D, B12, iodine, iron, and calcium. They support the normal functioning of the endocrine system.

Dietary recommendations for teenagers with different endocrine disorders

  1. Diabetes: To control blood sugar levels, it is important to avoid fast carbohydrates, such as sweets and pastries. Instead, choose high-fibre foods that help regulate glucose.
  2. Hypothyroidism: Teenagers with hypothyroidism should include iodine-rich foods in their diet, such as seafood, dairy products, and eggs. It is important to avoid foods that can hinder iodine absorption, such as soy products and certain types of cruciferous vegetables (e.g., broccoli).
  3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): To maintain hormonal balance, focus on foods with a low glycaemic index and high fibre content. Balanced nutrition helps regulate insulin levels and reduce PCOS symptoms.

Benefits of balanced nutrition

Balanced nutrition not only helps control the symptoms of endocrine disorders but also improves the overall well-being of teenagers. A proper diet contributes to weight normalisation, improves concentration and mood, strengthens immunity, and reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases in the future.

For individual dietary recommendations for endocrine disorders, follow this link.

Your children’s health is in your hands!