харчування при онкології

What food should be eaten in oncology

Nutrition in cancer plays an important role in maintaining the strength and health of patients. The emphasis should be on nutritious and easily digestible foods rich in vitamins and minerals. It is recommended to increase the intake of fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grain products, proteins rich in omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. oily fish).
It is important to avoid alcohol, processed foods and excessive amounts of sugar. In case of loss of appetite, it is useful to divide meals into smaller portions but eat them more frequently.

How nutrition is linked to the development of cancer

Some studies show that certain types of diet may increase the risk of developing cancer. These include eating a lot of red meat, processed meats, and foods rich in saturated fats and sugar. Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables can help reduce the risk of developing certain cancers.

Which foods are acceptable in oncology

Foods that are easily digestible and enriched with essential nutrients are considered acceptable in oncology. These include:

To balance the micronutrients in your body, you need counselling or a full menu design from a specialist in conjunction with your doctor.

High salt diet programme

A high salt diet programme is not usually recommended as excessive salt intake is associated with a number of health problems, particularly high blood pressure and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.

However, some medical conditions, such as Addison’s disease or orthostatic hypotension, may require an increase in salt intake on the advice of a physician. In such cases, the diet should be carefully planned and monitored by a medical professional to avoid negative health consequences.

It is best to make a diet together with a specialist, who will be able to calculate the necessary norms of elements individually for your body. This will allow you to feel more energised and help your body to cope with the illness.