Multiple sclerosis nutrition

Multiple sclerosis nutrition

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease affecting the central nervous system. Unfortunately, there is no universal cure that completely heals this condition. However, proper nutrition can significantly improve the quality of life for patients, reduce symptoms, and support overall health.

Key principles of balanced nutrition for MS

  1. Antioxidants. Vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidants help reduce inflammation in the body. These include berries, greens, citrus fruits, broccoli, and other colorful vegetables.
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids. These acids reduce inflammation and support the health of the nervous system. They can be found in fish (salmon, tuna, sardines), flaxseed oil, and chia seeds.
  3. Vitamins and minerals. Vitamins D, B12, and magnesium are particularly important. Vitamin D can be obtained from sunlight and foods like fatty fish and eggs. Vitamin B12 is found in meat, fish, and dairy products, while magnesium is found in green leafy vegetables, nuts, and seeds.
  4. Protein. Necessary for maintaining muscle mass and tissue repair. Protein sources include lean meat, fish, eggs, legumes, and nuts.
  5. Fiber. Helps maintain intestinal health, which is crucial for overall well-being. It is found in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes.

What to avoid

  1. Saturated fats and trans fats. These can exacerbate inflammatory processes. Sources include red meat, butter, fried dishes, and fast food.
  2. Sugar and refined carbohydrates. These can cause blood sugar spikes and overall inflammation. Limit consumption of sweets, white bread and pastries, and sweet drinks.
  3. Salty foods: Too much salt can lead to high blood pressure, a risk factor for developing MS. Limit salt intake to 6 grams per day.
  4. Alcohol. Excessive consumption can negatively affect the nervous system and overall health.

Additional recommendations

Nutrition in multiple sclerosis can be a powerful tool in supporting health and improving quality of life. Remember, a balanced approach and consultation with a professional will help find the best solutions for your condition.