Nutrition for type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Nutrition for type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is an endocrine disorder characterised by the impaired production or action of insulin on the body’s cells, leading to elevated blood glucose levels. Depending on the type of diabetes, different treatment approaches exist, but a common and crucial element is balanced nutrition. Olga Bezuhla, a dietitian with significant experience, emphasises the importance of an individual approach in meal planning for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Key principles of nutrition for diabetes

  1. Carbohydrate counting

The basis of dietary treatment for diabetes involves controlling carbohydrate intake, which directly affects blood glucose levels. It is important to choose carbohydrates with a low glycaemic index that contribute to a gradual increase in blood sugar rather than a sharp spike.

  1. Regularity of meals

To avoid significant fluctuations in glucose levels, it is especially important to eat regularly, dividing the daily diet into small portions. This helps maintain a more stable blood sugar level and prevents hypoglycaemia.

  1. Balance of fats and proteins

Healthy fats and proteins should be included in the diet, as they not only provide energy and essential nutrients but also help slow down the absorption of carbohydrates, contributing to glucose stability.

  1. Glycaemic monitoring

Monitoring blood glucose levels is important for assessing the impact of diet on the body and adjusting the diet according to changes in health indicators.

Meal planning

The dietary program for people with diabetes involves not only choosing the right foods but also carefully planning the timing and quantity of food intake.

Here are some tips on carbohydrate management:

Olga Bezuhla recommends planning meals in advance, considering insulin activity and the patient’s activity throughout the day. This allows for smoother management of blood glucose levels.

The role of the dietitian in diabetes control

A qualified dietitian can be your guide in the world of balanced nutrition for diabetes. Olga Bezuhla assists her patients in developing individualised nutritional programs that consider the body’s characteristics, habits, and preferences, providing not only medical but also psychological support.

Creating healthy eating habits and regular medical supervision will help achieve optimal results in diabetes treatment.